Mandatory Sentences     [Text-only version for printing]     [back to graphical version]
The following guide provides Web site links, a list of selected books, and access to online periodical articles about this subject. The Web site links have been researched, evaluated, and annotated by Rio Hondo College Librarians. The Librarians have specifically selected these Web sites to meet the research needs of Rio Hondo College students

Web Site Links  

FACTS : Families to Amend California's Three-Strikes
This Web site is sponsored by "Families to Amend California's Three-Strikes", an organization that hopes to amend the law so that it applies only to violent felonies.  The site is very current with recent news & updates and includes statistics and has detailed information on specific three strikes cases, both past and present.  An interesting look at those directly involved in this issue.

Families Against Mandatory Minimums
This organization challenges mandatory sentencing penalties.  Promotes sentencing policies that give judges the discretion to sentence defendants according to the severity of the crime and potential for rehabilitation.  Site keeps recent articles and reports about the issue.

Families to Amend California's Three-Strikes - Statistics
This site is all statistics on this subject, dating back to when the three-strikes law first passed to very recently.  It is quite comprehensive and covers many aspects of this controversial issue.

A Primer : Three Strikes : the Impact After More Than a Decade
Excellent site authored by California State's Legislative Analyst's Office.  This October 2005 report looks at the "Three Strikes and You're Out" California state criminal sentencing law passed in 1994.  It provides links to 200 abstracted and full text documents on this issue, arranged in chronological order.  The linked documents include statistics and demographic information about inmates.

The Three "Strikes and You're Out" Law
This California Law Observer site is presented by a California practicing attorney and provides the text of the law as it appears in the California Penal Code.  It also gives a full description of what offenses qualify as punishable under the 3-strikes law.

Online Databases (Rio Hondo Students only)

Issue & Controversies @
Search this database for in depth information on mandatory sentencing.

The following books can be located in the Rio Hondo College Library.

Reference Books

Battleground : criminal justice
Call number: Ref HV7411.B38 2007

Encyclopedia of crime and punishment
Call number: Ref HV6017.E524 2002

Suggested Subject Headings
For additional titles on this topic at Rio Hondo, click on the following Library of Congress subject headings:

Imprisonment--Government policy--California

Mandatory sentences

Prison sentences--California

Recidivism--United States--Prevention

The following media can be located in the Rio Hondo College Library, to be viewed in the Library.

Crime & punishment in America
Call number: Video 000533
Brings historical perspective to the problems of escalating crime and the public's fear of it, by exploring the evolution of crime and criminal penalties in American society.

The Rio Hondo College Library provides online access to full-text articles through our online databases  Please note:  you must be a Rio Hondo College student, faculty, staff or board member to use these services.

The 3 sample searches below are from the ProQuest database. 
Use Advanced Search and type each tern in a separate box:

    1.  ("three strikes")
    2.  SUB(habitual offenders) AND SUB(criminal sentences)
    3.  SUB(race) OR (ethnicity) AND SUB(criminal justice)

Researched and evaluated by:
E. Ball, Librarian 3/2003
last update: K. Bourgaize, Librarian 11/2009

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